PHOTOEPILATION

IPL

 

 

Photo depilation

It is a technique for removing hair by the application of light, either strong (IPL) or laser, on the skin. During this process, it selectively removes the hair follicle because the  melanin   (pigment that gives colour to hair) absorbs light radiation and heats up, destroying / weakening the hair follicle and making its comeback improbable.

 

Advantages

The hair removal is a technique that offers many advantages for its comfort compared to conventional systems. It is a simple, fast, safe and effective treatment. Not usually painful.

Suitable for both sexes and at any age.

Provides results of very long duration (even permanent).

It can be applied in almost any area of the body: face, neck, chest, armpits, arms, legs, abdomen, back, buttocks, hands, feet, etc...

Does not damage the skin or affect sebaceous or sweat glands.

 

Directions

Cosmetic hair removal

Pseudofoliculitis / folliculitis in non-inflammatory phase

Problems of excessive hair, whether caused by hormones in areas not common in women as belly, face, chest, ... (hirsutism), or excessive and no hormone-dependent growth in any area of the body (hypertrichosis)

Recurrent pilonidal cyst or backgrounds in patients with hypertrichosis

 

Contraindications

Persons in treatment or acne with oral isotretinoin are required to wait seven months before hair removal.

In cases of diabetes (risk of burns), fever, presence in the area to treat of recurrent herpes simplex (unless preventive treatment is done), dermatitis or infections or a history of skin cancer.

Photosensitivity due to pharmacological causes or sickness (epilepsy).

Tanned skin (leave for a month since the last exposure or use proper platforms currently available).

Not recommended for gray or blonde hair (for the ineffectiveness of treatment, unless it is combined with the application of products based on liposomal melanin such us Melaser lotion) or periocular area (except with adequate protection).

Not recommended in pregnancy and lactation (hormonal changes may make the treatment ineffective) or skins with phototype IV or V (for some types of lasers).

Pigmented lesions not required to be treated.

Persons at high risk keloid scars.

Immunocompromised patients.

 

Risks

The most common side effects that can be found are usually transient and without gravity:

• Transient erythema (redness of the area)

• perifollicular edema (swelling)

• Pain / slight stinging during treatment (solved with cold application)

Although this could cause rare side effects that should be taken into account, such as:

• Folliculitis

• Hyperpigmentation / Hypopigmentation

• scabs

• Purpura

• Erosion

• Scars

• Photophobia

• Transient increase in hairiness

• palpebral edema

Technique

Hair removal techniques include laser hair removal both as pulsed light hair removal. In both cases, a light beam is used with special characteristics. The laser has a single wavelength and the IPL has different wavelengths.

 

There are several types of lasers, depending on the wavelength emitted, that will act on a best hair type or another:

- Ruby laser with a wavelength of 695 nm, especially suitable for fair skin (I-II) and black hair

- Laser diode with a wavelength of 810 nm, is used for dark skins (III-IV) and dark hair

- Alexandrite laser with a wavelength of 755nm is used in dark hair and a medium skin tone (II-III)

- Neodymium-YAG laser with a wavelength of 1064 nm, can be used on all skin types

 

Photodepilation is a very popular technique due to its effectiveness. Normally treated hair fall or weaken in a few days, but usually the treatment has to be repeated  within a few weeks to treat the hair that was in a phase of unfavourable development in the first application. However, the result is usually very successful and its effects are lasting for months or even years.

The effectiveness of treatment depends largely on the color of skin and hair and on its thickness, on the depth at which it is and its stage of development, on age, sex and area to be epilated. As a general rule, it is more effective in patients with light skin and thick dark hair. The most suitable areas are groin, under arms and legs.

Among the factors that can make it less effective are thin and light hair, dark skin and facial area. More complex treatment areas are the lower back, the upper arms and hands.

Depending on the specific characteristics of the patient is necessary to adjust certain parameters of this technology such as wavelength, intensity and duration.

Its use is only allowed for medical staff with appropriate qualifications and experience.

 

Number of sessions required

The treatment should be done in several sessions, separated by variable time depending on the area to be treated.

In a first moment, they are performed every  month, but the interval will increase as the hair will disappear according to the phases of hair growth.

The number of sessions depends mainly on the colour and thickness of the hair. But it is necessary to consider that factors such as age, sex, hormonal status, or the area to be treated will vary the number of sessions.

The average number of total sessions is between 6 to 8 sessions, except facial areas, where the average number is 10 sessions given its high hormonal incidence.

 

Useful products: Application of Hidraloe gel is recommended immediately after each treatment and during 2-4 days to help soothe and calm the skin. Melaser lotion is useful to provide dark colour to white or blonde hairs.

 

 

The information provided on this page in no case can, nor is it intended, replace the information provided by your specialis. If in doubt, your specialist will provide with the appropriated explanations.

 

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