About Your Hair
Hair grows according to location on the body, genetic background, age, and hormonal influences. Hair is approximately 91% protein with at least 85% of the hairs on the scalp growing at one time, culminating to about one half inch per month. Normal daily hair shedding of 50-100 hairs per day is common and expected; while that may seem excessive, it is rather modest considering there is an average of 80,000 to 140,000 scalp hairs on a healthy individual.
Hair Loss Prevention
While baldness is progressive and unpredictable, early diagnosis for the cause of hair loss and prevention of further loss is the most important factor to slowing down the progression of hair loss. Several treatment options are available for thinning hair based on the patient’s extent of hair loss, goals, age, and gender. With proven records for hair growth and FDA-approved, oral medication Finasteride and topical Minoxidil are notable options to prevent hair loss. When used in conjunction, they help to prevent further progression of androgenic loss. While highly variable, reports exist of people who have grown cosmetically acceptable hair where balding had previously occurred while using these treatments. Other prescription compounds and technologies such as the low level 633 and 800 diode laser are also effective hair loss management options.
Laser hair regrowth machine HL-L800
Hair Loss Causes
The most common cause of hair is heredity and genetics (androgenic alopecia). However, there is more specificity when we look at the causes for men, women, and children separately. For all people, diet is a factor in healthy hair growth and damage prevention. Eating a very low protein diet can cause hair to become fragile and thin. Over treatment with chemical straighteners, dyes, and products, problems with the thyroid gland and aging also contribute to hair loss. Alopecia areata, an autoimmune condition in which the body mistakenly forms antibodies against its own hair follicles, results in sudden loss of hair in smooth, circular patches of the scalp, eyebrows, or beard. Women, particularly those of color, may suffer from scarring scalp conditions resulting in permanent hair loss. Among these problems, traction alopecia may occur in women due to the tight braiding of hair begun early in life.
Men’s Hair Loss
Male pattern baldness (MPD) is the most common type of hair loss in men caused by genetic predisposition to lose hair at the front, central, and crown portions of the head. It is usually progressive in nature. Men with MPD inherit hair follicles with a genetic sensitivity to dihydrotestosterone (DHT). These hair follicles miniaturize and have shorter lifespans, until the follicles stop producing hair all together. As noted, the most common pattern of balding for men is receding hairline or thinning crown, areas most commonly sensitive to DHT. Other reasons for men’s hair loss include reaction to medication, serious illness or disease, or stressful events. Sometimes, men choose to ignore their baldness and accept their genetics. However, there are many ways dermatologist can help, whether by prescription, scalp injections ( with hair growth factors, organic silicon, mulberry, vitamins, dexpanthenol), low level 630 laser treatment or surgery.
Oral Finasteride has led to a 30-40% re-growth of hair and even higher percentage of patients who experience decreased hair loss. Therefore, the most important use of Finasteride is to limit the effects of DHT and bring the constant, excess loss to a halt. This stoppage of the hair loss is common in 80% of patients. The effects are increased when these medications are combined with Minoxidil solutions. One problem with Minoxidil is that, along with desired areas on the head, it can produce hair growth alongside the face and forehead. Fortunately, this excessive hair growth fades away by stopping or decreasing the use of the product or by lowering the strength of the solution. Signs of re-growth can be expected in six to twelve months of consistent daily usage. It has greatest effectiveness in those who are just beginning to lose their hair because of its slowing effect on the balding process.
Women’s Hair Loss
Rather than simply talking to a hair stylist, it is important for women who believe they are experiencing hair loss to see a doctor and determine the actual cause by physical examination, possible biopsy and lab tests. Female hair loss patients have tripled in the past decades. For women, reasons for hair loss also include hormonal changes, ongoing illness, anemia sometimes due to low iron, rapid weight loss, and certain medications including birth control pills. Topical medications can now be used with women who are child bearing age, but must be discontinued if they become pregnant. Some women may need oral medications that decrease levels of DHT (ciproterone, spirolactone). Other women may be treated with minoxidil, placenta extracts or estrogen lotions. Blood tests can help to determine if other hormones, such as thyroid hormones, are causing a problem with regrowth that needs to be treated.
Children’s Hair Loss
Just like the causes of hair loss for men and women, causes for children are difficult to immediately identify as well. Possible reasons for children’s hair loss include accident trauma, birth defects, scarring because of surgery to remedy birth defects, and alopecia areata. Most characteristic of alopecia areata are the rapid onset of round bald patches, which are responsive to medications and have a good prognosis overall. Sometimes, this form of alopecia reappears at puberty; but, may appear in any future time. Lice infestation may occur in a young child but usually does not cause hair loss, while the infection with a fungus may cause hair loss that is sometimes permanent. Children’s hair loss treatments include cortisone injections, topical treatments such as Minoxidil, and UVA light therapy combined with a topical photosensitizing medicine.
UVA light therapy
Low level laser
Lately, low level red and green light lasers for hair treatment are now widely used, which can be delivered as an in-office treatment. Results are not rapid but consistent. These devices can speed hair growth induced by oral, topical, meso- injections and surgical treatments. Hair thickening is common after six months of use, one to three times per week of 20-30 minutes duration are recommended.
Children’s hair loss treatments include cortisone injections, topical treatments such as Minoxidil, and UVA light therapy combined with a topical photosensitizing medicine.
Hair Loss FAQs
What causes hair loss?
As we age, our hair naturally begins to thin. For both men and women, the most common cause of hair loss (alopecia) is heredity, as your likelihood of experiencing hair loss increases if your relatives have experienced hair loss. Other contributing factors may include underlying medical or hormonal problems, medications, excessive weight loss, stress, chemotherapy or radiation. Signs of hair loss vary by each person and symptoms can include sudden loss of patches of hair, noticeable thinning on the scalp or crown, a receding hair line or excessive shedding.
What can I do if I’m noticing signs of hair loss?
The key to successful prevention and treatment of hair loss is to first understand the type of hair loss you are experiencing and its cause. In general, as soon as you are suspicious that you have androgenic balding (male or female pattern baldness), you should begin preventative treatment. As there is no “one-size-fits-all” technique for every patient, a consultation is important so you can be educated on your available options (medical or surgical)
Minoxidil isn’t working, what’s the next step?
The key to properly treating hair loss is to consult with a dermatologist who is experienced in hair loss diagnose. Many people purchase topical medications without proper consultation, expecting overnight success. Re-growth is a slow process that can take 6-12 months of consistent daily usage to see any results. Minoxidil has found its greatest effectiveness with those who are just beginning to lose their hair because it actually slows down the balding process. As Minoxidil helps to hold on to existing hair, it is most effective as a preventative hair loss treatment and not a solution for hair regrowth. Once it is determined that Minoxidil or other topical treatment are not enough to slow down your hair loss progression, your dermatologist will discuss other preventative options such as scalp injection, low level laser treatment as well as the latest surgical techniques for hair restoration.
Useful Products for hair care:
- Ses kavel Hair mass capsules
- Kavel plus capsules
- Sebovalis capsules
- Primuvit capsules
- Primuvit plus capsules
- Ses Kavel anti hair loss lotion
- Ses Kavel anti hair loss ampoules
- Ses-Kavel Mulberry foam
- PlacenSeS hair lotion
- Ses kavel Anti hair loss shampoo
- Ses Kavel frequency shampoo
- Ses-Kavel anti-dandruff-oil shampoo
- Ses kavel anti-dandruff shampoo
- Sebovalis shampoo
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