BOTULINUM TOXIN

Botulinum toxin type A

 

Botulinum toxin

Botulin toxin, also known as Botox, is a treatment specifically indicated for the treatment of wrinkles. The wrinkles are the result of facial expressive movements, often located between the eyebrows, forehead, and crow’s feet.

Botulin toxin acts selectively by relaxing the muscles, giving the face a relaxed and and younger look with no wrinkles without losing personal expressiveness.

The treatment involves the injection of botulin toxin in very small amounts in the area you want to remove wrinkles. Botulin toxin acts at the neuromuscular junction in the place where it joins the nerve responsible for muscle contraction and the muscle.  Partially blocks the nerve to inhibit the release of a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine, responsible for triggering muscle contraction impulse. Thus, the muscles lose their ability to contract fully from 48-72 hours and neuromuscular inactivation maintained for a period of between 4 and 6 months.

 

Advantage

Especially suitable for crow's feet, frown lines and forehead, and slight elevation of the eyebrows, giving a more relaxed and youthful appearance to the face.

Anesthesia is not needed.

No allergy tests are required.

May be also applied on neck and chest.

Provides results in facial contour, giving a more natural appearance of fillings.

May be applied at any time of year.

Quick visible results during the week following treatment.

 

Indications

Those young patients with early wrinkles.

In older people, combined with other facial rejuvenation therapies such as fillers or chemical peels.


Contraindications

Known hypersensitivity to botulin toxin or any of the excipients of the formulation, the presence of infection in the injection site, patients at risk or clinical signs of a disorder of neuromuscular transmission (gravis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Lambert Eaton syndrome). It should be used with caution in patients taking anticoagulants and in those with coagulopathies.


Risks

Side effects that may occur are usually related to local type and injection technique:

Pain at the injection site, local edema and erythema, small hematomas at the injection site that disappear within days and they are hidden with makeup, mild transient headaches (usually referring to a pain reliever). Rarely has it been observed exaggerated muscle weakness due to spread of the toxin effect away from the injection site locations.

These side effects are usually mild to moderate and transient.


Technique

The treatment is carried out by small punctures, almost imperceptible, made with a very fine needle.

For convenience of the patient, although it is not completely necessary, before injecting the toxin, the professional could apply an anesthetic cream to the area to be treated. Then proceed to mark and define the parts to be treated differently, as the muscles in the area. Application of the treatment differs depending on the area. In the front is acting on the frontal muscle and the toxin is injected in small doses on each side of the crease, spaced about one centimeter each injection.

Its use is only allowed for medical personnel with appropriate qualifications and experience.


Number of sessions required

The effect of the treatment lasts up to 4 months after injection. The intervals between treatments should not be less than 3 months.

In 95 % of cases, after the first session small tweaks are needed. Between the first two sessions should pass about six months, being the third session past eight months, and finally as an annual maintenance session.

In case of treatment failure or diminished effect following repeat injections, alternative treatments should be used.

The Information contained on this page in no case is intended to replace the information provided individually by your physician. If in doubt, your physician will provide appropriate clarifications. 

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